For further information concerning FRACKING see or
This polling action is prepared within the project 
ENERGY-TRANS of Helmholtz Association

Please provide your opinion
Fracking for Germany?

Fracking for Germany?
Would you consider Fracking (a method of gas exploitation also known as Hydraulic Fracturing) as a SOCIALLY ACCEPTABLE alternative in the German national energy policy?

Please elaborate the reasons for your voting!
Please provide your opinion
Fracking in your backyard

Fracking in your backyard ?

Would you accept a drilling installation needed for fracking in the vicinity of your home or working place (within, say, 1 km radius) if offered an adequate compensation (e.g. reimbursement, free gas supply, or the like)?


Please elaborate your answers, and possibly indicate what coud/should be an "adaquate compensation"
Modern societies for a long time have been used to advanced energy infrastructures and systems (such as the German ones) which delivered remarkable and high standards of reliability, operation and continuous energy supply with virtually no restrictions. However:

  • changes in the energy technologies (e.g. those happening and expected to happen due to the nuclear energy phase-out);
  • strong interdependencies with other stakeholders in European and international context; and
  • interaction with the surrounding other industrial infrastructure, surrounding society/communities/population and the environment;


  • a highly complex; and
  • an extremely dynamic overall energy system

that is susceptible to risks, as well as at the same time, generating new emerging risks (e.g. those resulting from the interaction between the natural hazards and man-made vulnerabilities in the energy infrastructure).

Therefore, these constantly increasing challenges require state-of-the-art management of the situation, not only in the short term, but in the medium and long terms as well.

Concept and objectives
The objective is to develop the concept and prototype of the system which meet the following requirements:


"3+1 D" transparency – the relationships between vulnerabilities, hazards and stakeholders must be transparent both in space and in time (i.e. at each critical location and in different time steps of the possible scenarios, the "3+1 D" feature)


"inherent risk intelligence" – the system must have both interactive and automatic possibilities for early recognition of emerging risks and critical relationships among the layers of:
  • Hazards (e.g. flooding, hazardous materials, energy storage facilities, etc.);
  • Vulnerabilities (e.g. other infrastructures, people, nature protection areas, etc.); and
  • Stakeholders (e.g. relevant bodies, authorities, general public, communities, etc.)
during the dynamic development of the scenarios (i.e. an intelligent, e.g. web-semantics or agent-based, management of ALL types of information relevant for energy system)


forecasting/prediction/what-if/projection capability – i.e. the system must be able to project and treat in parallel different possible "futures" of the energy infrastructure/system, analyze in parallel different scenarios and propose the respective optimization options.

Hence, only an intelligent, "3+1 D", interactive web-based GIS system could meet the above requirements and such a system should be a complement to the geographic information systems (GIS) already in use in the energy system in Germany (e.g. the systems used for asset management, networks/grids, production, supply or supply/marketing risks).
Important Literature and Studies

[1]    Académie des sciences, 2013, Éléments pour éclairer le débat sur les gaz de schiste: Avis de l’Académie des sciences. Available at: 


[2]    Acatech, (2014 in progress). „Hydraulic Fracturing - eine Technologie in der Diskussion“. Position Paper 


[3]    Brady, W.J., 2012, Hydraulic Fracturing Regulation in the United States: The Laissez-Faire Approach of the Federal Government and Varying State Regulations, University of Denver,  Sturm  College  of  Law.  Available  at: 


[4]    Bundesministerium für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit (BMU), 2012, Bericht des Bundes an die 79. Umweltministerkonferenz, Berlin. Available at:  


[5]    Clark C., Burnham A., Harto, C, Horner, R. 2013, Hydraulic Fractruing and Shale Gas Production: Technology, Impacts, and Regulations, Chicago Argonne, Argonne National Laboratory. Available at 


[6]    Comité de l’évaluation environnementale stratégique sur le gaz de schiste 2014, Rapport Synthse: Évaluation environnementale stratégique sur le gaz de schist, Gouvernement du Québec. Available at: 


[7]    Cooley, H., Donnelly, K., 2012, Hydraulic Fracturing and Water Resources: Separating the Frack from the Fiction, Pacific Institute, Oakland, California. 


[8]    Deloitte, 2012, Deloitte Survey – Public Opinions on Shale Gas Development: Positive Perceptions Meet Understandable Wariness. Available at: 


[9]    Det Norske Veritas (DNV) 2013, Shale Gas Activities: The Power Of Shale Gas, Høvik, Norway. Available at: 


[10]European Commission, 2014, Communication from the Commisssion to the Council and the European Parliament on the exploration and production of hydrocarbons (such as shale gas) using high volume hydraulic fracturing in the EU. Available at  


[11]Ewen, C., Richter S., Hammerbacher R., 2012, Risikostudie Fracking, Übersichtsfassung der Studie,  Neutraler Expertenkreis, „Sicherheit und Umweltverträglichkeit der Fracking-Technologie für die Erdgasgewinnung aus unkonventionellen Quellen“. 


[12] Gregory, K.B., Vidic, R.D. & Dzombak, D.A., 2011, “Water Management Challenges Associated with the Production of Shale Gas by Hydraulic Fracturing,” Elements Journal, 7, 181–186. Available at: 


[13] Groat C. G., Grimshaw, T.W., 2012, Fact-Based Regulation for Environmental Protection in Shale Gas Development. The Energy Institute, University of Texas.  Available at: 


[14] Hughes, D., 2011, Will Natural Gas Fuel America in the 21st Century?, Post Carbon Institute.  

Available at: 


[15] International Energy Agency, 2012, Golden Rules for a Golden Age of Gas: World Energy Outlook Special Report on Unconventional Gas, IEA Publications, Paris. Available at:  


[16] IRGC, 2013, Risk Governance Guidelines for Unconventional Gas Development. Available at: 


[17] Kaminski, S., 2012, Fracking - Unkonventionelle Erdgasförderung stoppen, Berlin, Bündnis 90/Die Grünen Bundestagsfraktion. Available at:  


[18] Lacoursière, J-P., Lacoursière S., Étude de risques technologiques associés à l’extraction du gaz de schiste, Académie des sciences Repentigny, Québec. Available at: 


[19] Lechtenböhmer, S. Altmann, M., Capito, S., Matra, Z., Weindrorf, W., Zittel, W., 2012, Auswirkungen der Gewinnung von Schiefergas auf die Umwelt und die menschliche Gesundheit, Brüssel, Fachabteilung Wirtschafts- und Wissenschaftspolitik, Europäisches Parlament. 


[20] Leucht, M., 2012, Medienresonanzanalyse zu Projekten der Tiefengeothermie in Landau, Bruchsal, Brühl und Unterhaching, Karlsruhe, Europäisches Institut für Energieforschung. 


[21] Meiners, G., 2012, Fracking in unkonventionellen Erdgas-Lagerstätten in NRW. Available at:  


[22] Meiners G. H., Denneborg M., Müller F., 2012, Umweltforschungsplan: Umweltauswirkungen von Fracking bei der Aufsuchung und Gewinnung von Erdgas aus unkonventionellen Lagerstätten-Risikobewertung, Handlungsempfehlungen und Evaluierung bestehender rechtlicher Regelungen und Verwaltungsstrukturen. Available at:  


[23] Murphy, S. & Ramudo, A., 2010, Hydraulic Fracturing – Effects on Water Quality, Cornell University, City and Regional Planning, CRP 5072. Available at:  


[24] Pless, J., 2012, Natural Gas Development and Hydraulic Fracturing:  A Policymaker’s Guide, National Conference of State Legislatures. Available at: 


[25] Rahm,  B.G.,  Riha,  S.J.,  Yoxtheimer,  D.,  Boyer,  E.,  Davis, K. & Belmecheri,  S.,  2012,  Environmental  Water  and  Air Quality Issues Associated with Shale Gas Development in the Northeast. Available at: 


[26] Rehbock, T., 2013, Fracking: Wer nicht „frackt“, verliert? Frankfurt am Main, KfW Econoomic Research. 


[27] Ritter, K., Emmert, A., Lev-On, M.  &  Shires,  T.,  2012, Understanding  Greenhouse  Gas  Emissions  from Unconventional  Natural  Gas  Production,  The  American Petroleum Institute.  

Available at: 


[28] Roßnagel, A., Hentschel, A., Polzer, A., 2012, Rechtliche Rahmenbedingungen der unkonventionellen Gasförderung mittels Fracking, Kassel, Kassel University Press GmbH. 


[29]Willis, 2012, Energy Market Review: All fracked up: Just how concerned should energy insurers be about hydraulic fracturing?, Willis, London. 


[30] Sachverständigenrat für Umweltfragen (SRU), 2013, Fracking zur Schiefergasgewinnung. Ein Beitrag zur energie- und umweltpolitischen Bewertung, Berlin.  


[31] SPD-Bundestagsfraktion, 2012, Fracking nur unter strengen Auflagen zulassen, Berlin, SPD-Bundestagsfraktion. Available at:  


[32] STAC Workshop Report, 2013, Exploring the Environmental Effects  of  Shale  Gas  Development  in  the  Chesapeake Bay Watershed, Pennsylvania State University, Scientific and  Technical  Advisory  Committee,  STAC  Publication 13-01. Available at: 


[33] Staatlich Geologische Dienste Deutschlands (SGD), 2013, Stellungnahme zu den geowissenschaftlichen Aussagen des UBA-Gutachtens, der Studie NRW und der Risikostudie des ExxonMobil Info-Dialogprozesses zum Thema Fracking, Hannover, Bund/Länder-Ausschuss Bodenforschung. 


[34] The Royal Society & The Royal Academy of Engineering, 2012, Shale gas extraction in the UK: A review of hydraulic fracturing, London. Available at:  


[35] Triebswetter, U., Lippelt, J., 2012, Kurz zum Klima: Schiefergas und Fracking, Munich, ifo Schnelldienst. Available at:  


[36] Umweltbundesamt, 2011, Einschätzung der Schiefergasförderung in Deutschland, Berlin. Available at:  


[37] United States Environmental Protection Agency , 1987, Management of Wastes from the Exploration, Development, and Production of Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Geothermal Energy, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington D.C.. 


[38] United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2011, Plan to Study the Potential Impacts of Hydraulic Fracturing on Drinking Water Resources, US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington D.C..